White River Valley -- NOW and THEN -- 1898 to 1980

Chapter 54

Arthur Nelson Carter

Arthur Nelson Carter was born March 9, 1899 at St. George, Washington County, Utah in a two-story adobe home his father and mother had built four years earlier. He was the second of six children born to Henry Lafayette Carter and Alice Nelson Carter. Arthur was blessed June 2, 1899 by John E. Pace.

The very night Arthur was born, his father and his uncle Jim (James) Carter had arrived in Lund, Nevada where they planned to make their new home. It was not until the 15th of March that his father heard of the birth of a son.
In 1898 when Lund, Nevada was opened up for colonization, Henry Lafayette Carter and James Utley Carter, his brother, came to Lund and drew for land and water rights. In March 1899 they purchased this land and began to plant crops and make plans for a new home and a new life in Nevada.

The adobe home in St. George was sold and Vera, the older sister and the new baby, Arthur, were brought to Lund, Nevada in a covered wagon by their parents. This trip began in the spring of 1899 as soon as the mother and new baby could travel. A milk cow was led behind the wagon and this furnished milk for the family as they traveled.

A log cabin, about 17' by 20', was built as soon as possible with logs from the near by mountains. The roof was supported by poles covered with wood pieces and mud. There were windows in the north and east and one door to the west. In 1903 a new two-room adobe home was built near the cabin, but the cabin was still used for the kitchen and bedrooms. This log cabin was Arthur's bedroom when he left for an L.D.S. Mission in 1919.

Between 1905 and 1906 Arthur's father worked for the railroad hauling the survey crew and stakes while building the railroad from Cobre to Ely, Nevada (140 miles running south through the great Steptoe Valley to Ely). At the completion of the railroad from Cobre to Ely - Nevada Northern Railroad - on September 29, 1906, a big celebration was held in Ely, Nevada. Arthur's father asked

Henry A. Mathis to drive the Carter Family from Lund to meet him in Ely for "ELY'S RAILROAD DAY."

Arthur, with his mother, two sisters Vera and Lena, and brother Lafayette, traveled in a buggy and remember the events of this day held at the park. A copy of "ELY'S RAILROAD DAY" shows the festivities and predicts the building of a smelter and concentrating plant of huge proportions and speaks of the towering mountains of Steptoe Valley and the distribution of water and lands for the development of a "LAND OF PROMISE" which had lain dormant for generations.

In July 1908 Arthur's mother was expecting her fifth child. Jennie Hall Nelson, her sister, came from St. George to help her, and a midwife Margaret C. Windows came from Preston. Arthur went with Allen Carter and the other children went to Aunt Sabra Oxborrows to tell her she was needed at the Carter home. The children were to stay away until sent for, but Arthur came running home and saw TWO BABIES and hurried to tell Vera, Lena, and Lafayette that there were TWO BABIES at their home. These were the twins, Harriet and Helen, and they were born July 11, 1908.

Arthur attended school at Lund, Nevada through the eight grades, and in the fall of 1916 went to high school at St. George, Utah with about ten other young people from Lund. They were Lorain Ivins, Bliss Ivins, Mildred Reid, Steel Reid, Hugh Reid, Lee Hendrix, Zella Hendrix, Howard Gardner, and Emerald McKenzie.

They all traveled down in wagons, except Lorain Ivins and he rode a bicycle. Martin Gardner rode a horse down later to take violin lessons.

On November 19, 1919 Arthur left Lund for Salt Lake City, Utah and there was assigned to fill a mission for the L.D.S. Church in the Northwestern States. He spent about ten months in Vancouver B.C. and Victoria B.C. A number of boys from Lund were called on missions at this same time. Bishop Whitehead went as far as Salt Lake City with them, also Owen Whitehead, Hugh Reid, Orvil Hendrix, Robert Reid and later to come were Howard and Claude Gardner. Mary Sinfield had filled a mission in Vancouver before this time, and Arthur says he found many people who remembered her.

Arthur helped with the finishing of the new cement home that had been started before he left for a mission. He painted walls, stained and varnished doors, and helped complete this ambitious pro-ject. The family must have been very happy and proud of their new home, although no running water or electricity was available. A room for the bathroom was built, but two convenient east doors, one from the kitchen through the porch and one down the hall from the bedrooms lead to the "out house" and to the "big ditch" that supplied all the water which had to be carried to the house in buckets.

In 1925, Carbide gas lights were installed in the adobe house and the cement house and later in the store. Running hot and cold water and electricity did not come for more than eighteen years later.

In the fall of 1921 Winnie Frandsen came to Lund to teach school; and on August 16, 1922 Arthur and Winnie were married in the Salt L.D.S. Temple. Their only child was Philip James Carter born October 24, 1925 at Preston, Nevada.

About 1925 Arthur started to write life insurance, and continued many years. He tells this story about how he began this successful work. "I was milking a cow when Harmon Gubler came by to sell me some insurance. I told him that I would like a job like that, and Mr. Gubler said he would see about getting me a contract from the Kansas City Life Insurance Company." In 1944 Arthur was honored among the top agents in the Hunter & Hunter Agency located in Salt Lake City, Utah. He wrote a short time for the Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company under Hazen Exeter and attended the Long Beach Regional Convention there.

In 1929 the Post Office Department was looking for a postmaster for Lund, Nevada. Arthur's sister Vera had been working in the Kimberly Post Office so they asked her to be postmaster at Lund, and she was appointed. She soon started a little dry goods store in the south room at Martin Gardner's in connection with the post office. Arthur was selling some machinery so that same year, 1929, a new block building was erected to house the Lund Post Office and the merchandising business. They called it "REID AND CARTER", as Vera had married Gordon Reid. Arthur was appointed postmaster April 24, 1931 as Vera was expecting her second child and had decided to retire.

Arthur, assisted by his wife Dale, served as postmaster of Lund, Nevada for thirty years, 1931 to 1961. He was President and manager of the Lund and Preston Telephone Co. until 1967 when it was sold to Bell Telephone of Nevada. He continued the Reid and Carter business and managed that until 1963 when it was given to the four children: Philip, Anita, Ilene, and Nelson. Philip and Ludean bought it from them and Ludean was made postmaster, June 13, 1963.

Arthur was twelve years old when his father died and only thirty-two when his mother passed away. Two years later Winnie died from a heart ailment, December 22, 1933. Philip was only eight years old.

Arthur was M.I.A. President for many years and a counselor to Bishop Hugh A. Reid. He served as Bishop from March 27, 1937 to September 3, 1939 with counselors Harold Ivins and Lloyd Oxborrow. LaRue Carter was clerk. He taught the adult class in Sunday School, High Priest Group Leader and Ward Teacher.

In 1940 Arthur served on the Farm Security Advisory Committee under Henry A. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture.

1943-1946, Chairman of the Board of Supervisors under Cale C. Johnson, District Conservationist, when the White Pine Soil Conservation District was formed, known now as Soil Conservation Service (SCS). He was Farm Bureau President for a number of terms (about 20 years), and President of the Lund Irrigation Company for many terms.

In May 1956, he was appointed a member of the Land Use Planning Board. He was a member of the Nevada State Board of Agriculture, appointed by Gov. Charles H. Russell. In 1968 Arthur received a certificate of recognition for "Public Interest" during the years of pioneering efforts in forming of the Agriculture Adjustment Act of 1933.

Arthur served on the Nevada Centennial Committee 1864-1964 Celebration; was a member of the County Selective Service; held membership in the Lion's Club, Elk's Club, Chamber of Commerce; and served on the County School Board and Grand Jury.

In 1954-1955 Arthur was a committee member on a combined City and County Improvement Planning Board with Wm J. Hemingway as chairman and Fred Oldfield as county clerk.

Arthur worked closely with Wm Mathews on the Civilian Conservation Corp (C C C) 1933-1942. They planned and completed improvement projects on the public lands, making stock watering facilities, corrals, and loading chutes, fencing and road building. Arthur along with J.L. Whipple, J.C. Riordan, D.C. Gardner and others drove in caravan from Sunnyside to Hiko to select a road route through the valley south. This was the beginning of the now famous Sunnyside Short Cut which is nearing completion as a primary highway.

Arthur and his brother Lafayette drilled one of the first deep pump wells used for irrigation in the White River Valley, 1943.

On May 22, 1935 Arthur and Dale Johanna Nelson of Mt. Pleasant, Utah were married in the Manti Temple. Three children were born to them: Anita, November 5, 1937; Ilene, November 1, 1943; and Nelson Arthur, January 19, 1946.

The Carter family led a very busy life while the children were growing up. The whole family worked hard while managing the Reid and Carter Store, U.S. Post Office, Lund and Preston Telephone Company, farm and cattle.

Our children all attended grade school and high school in Lund. All have gone on to college and qualified themselves for careers. All have filled responsible positions in the L.D.S. Church. Many vacation trips have been enjoyed by the family and friends. Arthur has always loved to travel and did so whenever possible.

Philip and Nelson enjoyed ranching and raising cattle. The girls love to ride a horse and all enjoy coming home.

Philip and his son Steven are operating the ranch and cattle which they are buying. Nelson is in the banking and loan business in Utah. The girls are busy mothers and active in community affairs. Anita is teaching elementary school in Bountiful, Utah.

Arthur's four children have all been married in the Salt Lake L.D.S. Temple.

Philip and Ludean Hendrix were married September 19, 1947. They have two children and four grandchildren.

Anita and Earnest Jack Helton were married June 24, 1960. They have four children.

Ilene married James Sloan Allen, then married Stephen L. Ferris on September 25, 1973. They have five children.

Nelson married Nancy Ann Smith January 27, 1969. They have five children.

Written and submitted by
Arthur Nelson Carter and Dale Carter


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